Complementary colors: If knowledge of painting tools is fundamental to achieve a result that meets our expectations, the same goes for colors. In this article, we will talk about color theory and harmony between colors. You probably already know what primary colors are, and you may also have discovered how to obtain secondary colors, but learning how to use them in conjunction is a different matter. What are the complementary colors, and how can you recognize them?
Chromatic studies by Goethe
Complementary Colors: What are we talking about?
“Complementary colors are pairs of colors on the opposite side of the color circle.”By using them close to each other, you can achieve the strongest possible contrast between two colors (chroma contrast). For this reason, they are often used in product design, graphics, and marketing campaigns, to make the message or product pop out with this contrast. The color circle also called the color wheel is a tool used to highlight the relationship between primary, secondary, tertiary colors, and so on. Consequently, you can use it to quickly find the reciprocal of each color: in fact, the complementary colors are located at opposite ends of the wheel. There are various types of wheels, these are two examples: Another key feature to keep in mind with these opposite colors is that when mixed they lose their hue and tend to create an intermediate greyscale color (because they tend to come close together on the color wheel, and the middle distance between the two is a perfect gray). For this reason, you have to be very careful to mix them!